Date indique la date de mise en service du pont. Forty-five months later (six months ahead of schedule) the bridge was inaugurated on 6 August 1966. Un pont à travées en acier . Construction took a total of 2,185,000 man-hours of work. The 25 de Abril Bridge is based in part on two San Francisco Bay Area bridges: its paint is the same International Orange as the famous Golden Gate Bridge; and its design is similar to that of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge. “Chairman’s Memo: Bridge Opens New Vistas for Portugal.” The Em Kayan, October 1966. Traffic soon increased well beyond predictions, and has remained at maximum capacity despite the enlargement from four to six lanes, the addition of the railway, and the building of a second bridge serving Lisbon, the Vasco da Gama Bridge. A ponte inevitável: a história da Ponte 25 de Abril. Avec 2 277 mètres de long, le Pont du 25 Avril est le plus long pont suspendu d’Europe et a été le premier pont de Lisbonne. Since 30 June 1999, the lower platform has carried a double track railway. Inauguré en 1886, le pont Dom-Luís a été conçu par un élève de Gustave Eiffel. Cette liste de ponts du Portugal a pour vocation de présenter une liste de ponts remarquables du Portugal, tant par leurs caractéristiques dimensionnelles, que par leur intérêt architectural ou historique. As a result, a popular uprising led to road blockades of the bridge and consequent police charges, an event which made the then right-wing Government highly unpopular and which many[who?] From 1966–1974, the bridge was named Salazar Bridge (Ponte Salazar) in honor of Portuguese Prime Minister António de Oliveira Salazar, who ordered its construction. As a result, the Minister of Public Works, Duarte Pacheco, created a commission in 1933 to analyse the request. Le clip et la chanson sont réalisés dans le cadre d'une vidéo du youtubeur Squeezie [3]. As of 2006[update] a daily average of 150,000 cars cross the bridge, including 7,000 on the peak hour. Several movies have been filmed on the bridge, including some scenes in the 1969 James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service when James Bond is in a car with Marc Ange Draco's henchmen and they drive across a bridge, and the bridge is featured near the end of the movie when Bond marries Tracy and drives with her in Bond's Aston Martin across the bridge again. Il offre une vue imprenable sur le quartier historiquede la ville. [9] The American Society of Civil Engineers says that "Like its sister bridge, the SFOBB in San Francisco, the Tagus River Bridge is located in an area with a long history of earthquakes" and seismic data had to be taken into account in its construction. Assuming that no legal changes happen in between, the concession will end on 24 March 2030, after which the Bridge will again be State-managed.[7][8]. From 2011 on, the Portuguese Government abolished this exception and ordered tolls to be charged also during this month, in order to help the efforts to reduce the budget deficit. On 14 June 1994, the Government, which ran the bridge at the time, raised the toll by 50% (100 to 150 escudos), to prepare to give the bridge into private concession for 40 years from 1 January 1996. See more ideas about Eiffel, Spain and portugal, Porto portugal. [5] The steel was imported from the US. Il s’agit d’un pont métallique à deux étages: la partie haute accueille les piétons et la ligne de métro tandis que le tablier inférieur est accessible aux voitures … Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Il était le cinquième plus long pont suspendu du monde, le plus long hors des États-Unis, et est toujours en 2008, le 19e. Cette tâche est confiée aux Américains de l’American Bridge avec l’aide de onze sociétés locales[1]. The commission reported in 1934, and proposed building a road and rail bridge. Normally, pedestrians cannot walk across the bridge, but every year there is a half-marathon that starts on the south bank and finishes in the north bank (Belem). Presiding at the ceremony was the President of Portugal, Admiral Américo Thomaz. Le pont est utilisé pour une partie du clip Mirador chanté par Freddy Gladieux et Kezah. Surplombant le pont du 25-Avril, le Cristo Rei situé dans la municipalité d'Almada fait face à la ville de Lisbonne. Le pont est nommé pont Salazar, d'après le dictateur du Portugal à l'époque. The railway had been part of the initial design, but was eliminated for economy, so the initial structure was lightened. [citation needed]. A symbol of those times was captured on film, with citizens removing the big "Salazar" brass sign from one of the main pillars of the bridge and painting a provisional "25 de Abril" in its place. Soon after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, the bridge was renamed the 25 de Abril Bridge, the day the revolution had occurred. Bids were obtained. Le chantier est pris en charge par la société Daydé & Pillé (et non Eiffel) à laquelle on doit notamment le Grand Palais et pont Mirabeau de Paris. Four workers lost their lives, out of a total of 3,000 who worked on the site. Lisboa: Guerra e Paz, "Use of Special Techniques in Refurbishment", by J-P. Muzeau, in. To accommodate this, the bridge underwent extensive structural reinforcements, including a second set of main cables, placed above the original set, and the main towers were increased in height. Le plus long pont du monde ... Records du monde Recommended for you. Anexo:Lista de pontes históricas do Alentejo, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liste_de_ponts_du_Portugal&oldid=173324008, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Architecture et urbanisme/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. However, this proposal was subsequently put aside in favour of a bridge crossing the river at Vila Franca de Xira, 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Lisbon. L’ouvrage relie le vieux Porto (partie haute) et le quartier de Ribeira (partie basse) à Vila Nova de Gaia, renommée pour ses caves à vins. Morrison, H.W. > Le pont Long Bien (ou Doumer) au dessus du fleuve rouge à Hanoi sur une ancienne carte postale. Morrison-Knudsen had previously worked on the San Francisco Bay Bridge. believe led to a centre-left win in the 1995 general elections. Il présente deux niveaux : le plus élevé est destiné aux automobiles tandis que le niveau inférieur, ajouté en 1999, permet le passage des trains. From the late 19th century, there had been proposals to build a bridge for Lisbon. With a total length of 2,277 metres (7,470 ft), it is the 40th largest suspension bridge in the world. RODRIGUES, Luís Ferreira (2016). La Société américaine de génie civil mentionne que les deux ponts se trouvent dans une région avec une longue histoire de séismes et que cela a été pris en compte dans leur construction. Le pont du 25-Avril (ou « ponte 25 Abril » en portugais) est le premier pont suspendu au-dessus du Tage, à Lisbonne, au Portugal.. En 1960, encore sous la dictature de Salazar, la décision est prise de faire un pont sur le Tage.Cette tâche est confiée aux Américains de l’American Bridge avec l’aide de onze sociétés locales [1].L'acier provient de la United States Steel Export Company. The original builder American Bridge Company was called again for the job, performing the first aerial spinning of additional main cables on a loaded, fully operational suspension bridge. The total cost of the bridge came to 2.2 billion Portuguese escudos, or US$32 million (US$225 million in 2011 adjusted for inflation). Mais tout de suite après la révolution des œillets, il est renommé pont du 25-Avril, jour de la révolution. The American School of Lisbon was founded at this time to educate the children of the American engineers brought to Portugal to work on the bridge's construction. (longueur) sont exprimées en mètres. Steinman, Boynton, Gronquist and London of New York, and Tudor Engineering Company of San Francisco designed the bridge. The concessionaire was Lusoponte, a private consortium formed to build the Vasco da Gama Bridge at no cost to the public finances in exchange for tolls from both bridges. The tolls have become a source of political dispute in recent[when?] Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pont_du_25_Avril&oldid=176507985, Pont franchissant un cours d'eau au Portugal, Architecture portugaise de l'État nouveau, Édifice représenté sur une pièce de monnaie, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Portail:Architecture et urbanisme/Articles liés, Portail:Lacs et cours d'eau/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [3], Construction began on 5 November 1962. There is no toll southbound, and until 2010, no tolls were collected during the month of August. It is also sometimes called the Tagus River Bridge or in Portuguese Ponte sobre o Tejo ("bridge over the Tagus").[1][2]. It is often compared to the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, US, because they are both suspension bridges of similar color. In 1953, a new Government commission started working and recommended building the bridge in 1958, choosing the southern anchor point adjacent to the recently built monument to Christ the King (Cristo-Rei). À son inauguration, le pont était le plus long pont suspendu et celui ayant la plus longue travée principale d'Europe continentale. En 1960, encore sous la dictature de Salazar, la décision est prise de faire un pont sur le Tage. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The bridge was projected to have paid all debt in 20 years, and to become toll-free (or reduced toll) after that period. However, the Government kept charging tolls well beyond the 20-year period, until it gave the concession to Lusoponte, creating a monopoly of the Tagus crossing in Lisbon. Il s'agit d'un pont suspendu ancré au sol avec tabliers à deux niveaux en poutres à treillis[1]. Elle est présentée sous forme de tableaux récapitulant les caractéristiques des différents ouvrages, et peut être triée selon les diverses entrées pour voir un type de pont particulier ou les ouvrages les plus récents par exemple. After the Carnation Revolution which overthrew the remnants of Salazar's dictatorship, the bridge was renamed for April 25, the date of the revolution. Upon completion, the bridge had the longest suspended span and the longest main span in Continental Europe, the world's longest continuous truss, and the world's deepest bridge foundation. The upper platform, running 70 m (230 ft) above water, started carrying 4 car lanes, two in each direction, with a dividing guardrail. Lisbonne 38° 43′ 47,7″ N, 9° 10′ 14,1″ O: Lisbonne [I 11] 16: Pont Eiffel (Viana do Castelo) Réalisé par la société Eiffel: 562: Treillis Acier à deux niveaux: Av. In 1929, the idea advanced as a Portuguese engineer and entrepreneur, António Bello requested a Government concession for a railway crossing between Lisbon and Montijo (where the Vasco da Gama Bridge, the second bridge serving Lisbon, was later built in 1998). À l'occasion du 50e anniversaire de l'inauguration du pont, une pièce commémorative de 2 euros a été émise en 2016. In 1960, the winner was announced as a consortium headed by the United States Steel Export Company, which had submitted a bid in 1935. C'est un pont routier et ferroviaire, le chemin de fer passant au 1er niveau, sous la voie autoroutière. A third bridge has been on and off Government plans for some time, presently[when?] The toll is set at €1.85 for passenger cars (as of March 2020[update]), northbound (into Lisbon). In September 2017 an observation deck was built allowing people to go to the platform.[6]. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 juillet 2020 à 15:55. When opened, one had to park their car and walk to buy the toll ticket costing 20 escudos. The 25 de Abril Bridge (Portuguese: Ponte 25 de Abril, 25th of April Bridge, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpõt(ɨ) ˈvĩt i ˈsĩku ðɨ ɐˈβɾiɫ]) is a suspension bridge connecting the city of Lisbon, capital of Portugal, to the municipality of Almada on the left (south) bank of the Tagus river.It was inaugurated on August 6, 1966. The bridge was named Salazar Bridge (Ponte Salazar), for Prime Minister Salazar.[4]. It was the fifth-largest suspension bridge in the world, the largest outside the US. C’est en 1898 que les travaux de construction du pont Long Biên débutent. Today it is the 40th largest suspension bridge in the world. Il avait également le plus long treillis continu et les plus profondes fondations au monde. It was built by the American Bridge Company which constructed the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, but not the Golden Gate. In all, around 380,000 people cross the bridge daily (190,000 if considering return trips). Morrison-Knudsen of Portugal, Ltd., an American firm based in Boise, Idaho was U.S. Steel's principal associate. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 12 novembre 2020 à 10:43. La travée principale est de 1 012,88 mètres ; La longueur totale du pont est de 2 277,64 mètres ; La hauteur libre à l'endroit le plus élevé du tablier est de 70 mètres ; Les piliers culminent à 190,47 mètres au-dessus du niveau de la mer, ce qui fait de ce pont la deuxième construction la plus haute du Portugal ; Le câble principal a un diamètre de 58,6 centimètres ; Les fondations du pilier sud plongent à 79,3 mètres de profondeur.

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