[77], Salman holds traditional views with regards to political reforms and social change. His children from his third marriage with Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan Al Hathleen[97] are Prince Mohammed, Prince Turki, Prince Khalid, Prince Nayif, Prince Bandar, and Prince Rakan. Auparavant, un consortium de cinq grandes compagnies américaines, l'Aramco, avait été en charge non seulement de l'industrie pétrolière proprement dite (prospection, production, exportation), mais aussi de tout ce qui la rendait possible au sein de l'énorme enclave territoriale du Hassa, où le pétrole est exploité : routes, hôpitaux, écoles pour les enfants des employés, une flotte d'avions et des pistes d'atterrissage et même un circuit privé de radio et de télévision. Le pays a également opté pour une politique étrangère plus affirmée et est entrée en guerre contre les rebelles yéménites. "[81], Salman bin Abdulaziz has been married three times. L'Arabie offre un pétrole peu cher d'extraction, de bonne qualité et des infrastructures développées pour le transport vers les marchés de consommation. Élargissez votre recherche dans Universalis. Ghassan SALAMÉ, Article connexe : dynastie saoudienne. Salman became King in 2015 following the death of his half-brother, King Abdullah. «  ARABIE SAOUDITE  » est également traité dans : Tous les événements politiques (élections, conflits, accords, …) et les faits économiques et sociaux qui ont marqué l’histoire contemporaine du pays jusqu’à aujourd’hui. [41] Mohammad bin Salman has been described as the power behind the throne. consulté le 17 novembre 2020. Lire la suite, Roi d’Arabie Saoudite de 2005 à 2015. [59] In January 2016, Saudi Arabia executed the prominent Saudi Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr. [51], In February 2012, Ali Mohammed Baqir al-Nimr was arrested for participating in, and encouraging, pro-democracy protests, when he was 16 or 17 years old. "[79], Al Jazeera referred to Salman's views reported in a 2007 US diplomatic cable. [85][86] She was a first cousin of Salman, being a daughter of his maternal uncle Turki bin Ahmad Al Sudairi,[85] who was a former governor of the Asir Province. Pourtant depuis 2018, et l'assassinat de Jamal Khashoggi, l'Arabie Saoudite est sujette à de nombreuses controverses. [44] In 2019, KSRelief signed a memorandum of cooperation with UNICEF that aims at enhancing cooperation in the humanitarian field, exchanging knowledge, sharing experiences, promoting voluntary work and boosting capacity building programs. Les tensions dans la région se sont intensifiées depuis que Donald Trump a retiré les États-Unis de l’accord nucléaire international avec l’Iran en 2018. 29 juillet 2020, https://www.universalis.fr/encyclopedie/arabie-saoudite/, La pénétration anglaise et les indépendances, La mobilisation des eaux et la question alimentaire, dictionnaire de l'Encyclopædia Universalis, Le roi Salman ben Abdelaziz al-Saoud (depuis le 23 janvier 2015), Une relation particulière avec les États-Unis, Renaissance de l'activisme régional saoudien à l'heure des « printemps arabes ». During his visit to Montreal, Canada in 1991, he inaugurated a gallery. Arabie.saoudite.com. [7], As governor, he contributed to the development of Riyadh from a mid-sized town into a major urban metropolis. Le 31, la compagnie israélienne El Al effectue un premier vol commercial entre Tel-Aviv et Abu Dhabi, avec à son bord une délégation israélo-américaine conduite par Jared Kushner, gendre du président Donald Trump et chargé de la gestion du conflit israélo-palestinien. Il design di Getty Images è un marchio di Getty Images. [72], At the same time King Salman ordered the establishment of a new Ministry of Culture, with responsibility for delivering Saudi Vision 2030's cultural goals; and the Council of Royal Reserves, tasked with environmental protection. [42], In May 2015 the King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid (KSRelief) was established to deliver aid internationally to victims of civil war and natural disaster, working with the UN and other agencies. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 12 mars 2020 à 12:53. He is said to be close to Al Arabiya TV director and Asharq Al-Awsat journalist Abdelrahman Al Rashid and to Othman Al Omeir, who launched and is the owner of the liberal e-newspaper Elaph. Depuis le roi Fahd en 1986, il porte le titre de Gardien des deux saintes mosquées [1] (خادم الحرمين الشريفين) conjointement à la qualification de « majesté » (صاحب الجلالة). [91] Sultan bin Salman became the first person of royal blood, the first-ever Arab, and the first Muslim to fly in outer space when he flew aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-51-G) in June 1985. Raccogli, seleziona e commenta i tuoi file. Min amir ila malik. The SRMG publishes such daily papers as Arab News, Asharq Al-Awsat and Al Eqtisadiah through its subsidiary Saudi Research and Publishing Company (SRPC). Joseph A. Kechichian. His child from his second marriage with Sarah bint Faisal Al Subai'ai (divorced) is Prince Saud. His major initiatives as king include the Saudi intervention in the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Vision 2030, and a 2017 decree allowing Saudi women to drive. 2  Another one was concluded with IOM to help Syrian refugees under the poverty line for an amount of $3.8 million. « ARABIE SAOUDITE », Encyclopædia Universalis [en ligne], His role has not been specified. The King has misgivings over the deal since it would increase the regional power of Iran especially in the proxy conflicts in Syria, Yemen, and elsewhere. Khalid bin Ali bin Abdullah al-Humaidan was made the intelligence chief. He favored political and economic relationships with the West. [21][22] 2013 saw Saudi military spending climb to $67bn, overtaking that of the UK, France and Japan to place fourth globally. {{collectionsDisplayName(searchView.appliedFilters)}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleImages()}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleEvents()}}, Risultati corrispondenti a meno parole chiave. Le roi d'Arabie saoudite est le chef de l'État et le monarque absolu de l'Arabie saoudite, créée en 1932. The Telegraph. [sælˈmæːn ben ˈʕæbd ælʕæˈziːz ʔæːl sæˈʕuːd], 2017 arrest of members of the Saudi royal family, Prince Salman Center for Disability Research, Council of Political and Security Affairs, Council for Economic and Development Affairs, Saudi High Commission for Relief of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Saudi Commission for Tourism & Antiquities, Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei, Most Exalted Order of the Crown of the Realm, "Profile: New Saudi Defense Minister Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz", "An Heir to the Kingdom: New Crown Prince Salman", "Crown Prince receives Lifetime Achievement Award in the field of Urban Heritage", "Arab Rulers' Academic Degrees, Majors at a Glance", "His royal highness Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz", Here's Everything We Know About The New Saudi King, "Sharjah ruler among 18 to be honored by Prince Salyman", "In-Depth Study of King Faisal's Life Urged", "King Salman's Return to Brunei Two Decades Later", "الجولات الخارجية لسلمان.. دعم للعلاقات وتعزيز للرؤية السعودية", "Jamal Khashoggi's long road to the doors of the Saudi Consulate", "Saudi Arabia names Prince Salman as new defence minister", "Prince Sulayman Seeks Balance in Saudi Transitional Period", "Saudi Prince dead, Salman likely successor", "Al Saud move with speed to reconfigure top team after Nayef's death", "Saudi Arabia: Crown Prince's death raises succession questions", "Saudi Succession after the Death of Crown Prince Nayef", "Saudi appoints Prince Salman as crown prince", "Crown prince in charge as Saudi king leaves on holiday", "Saudi Crown Prince Salman launches Twitter account", "Saudi- Authority to monitor audiovisual media", https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-succession/saudi-king-abdullah-dies-new-ruler-is-salman-idUSKBN0KV2RQ20150122, "Saudi Arabia's King Salman unveils cabinet reshuffle", "King Salman receives Prince Charles in Riyadh", Mohammad bin Nayef takes leading role in Saudi Arabia, Saudi-led coalition strikes rebels in Yemen, inflaming tensions in region, "How Yemen's Civil Conflict Turned Into a Regional Proxy War", "Yemen: Saudi-Led Airstrikes Used Cluster Munitions", "Saudi king resets succession to cope with turbulent times", "Mohammed bin Salman named Saudi Arabia's crown prince", "Saudi Arabia's king replaces nephew with son as heir to throne", Transcript: Interview with Muhammad bin Salman, "King Salman relief center implements 428 projects worth $1.7 bln", "King Salman Humanitarian aid agency treats 180,000 Syrian patients in Jordan", "KSRelief inks cooperation deal with UNICEF", "Saudi Arabia's relief center prosthetic limbs project benefits 1,839 Yemenis", "KSRelief launches pilot project for female breadwinners in Yemen", "Saudi Arabia's aid agency takes steps to improve rehab projects", "KSrelief Holds Seminar on Children, Humanitarian Crisis, in Yemen, in Geneva The official Saudi Press Agency", "Saudi Arabia's KSRelief team discusses Yemen livelihood project", "KSRelief signs agreements for relief to Lebanese, Syrians and Palestinians", "Father of Ali, Saudi teen slated for public execution, speaks out", "Analysis of court Judgment and conviction of Ali bin Mohammad bin Baqir Al-Nimr – Saudi Arabia", "Saudi Arabia court gives death penalty to man who renounced his Muslim faith", "Saudi court upholds blogger's 10 years and 1,000 lashes", "Saudi Arabia scraps execution for those who committed crimes as minors: Commission", "Saudi Arabia ends death penalty for crimes committed by minors", "Saudi Arabia ends executions for individuals who committed crimes as minors as it tries to shape up its troubling human rights record", "Saudi execution of Shia cleric sparks outrage in Middle East", Saudi edges Qatar to control Syrian rebel support, "Turkey and Saudi Arabia alarm the West by backing Islamist extremists the Americans had bombed in Syria", 'Army of Conquest' rebel alliance pressures Syria regime, Saudi king warns attacks on oil stations threaten global supply, Saudi King Accuses Iran of Threatening Global Oil Supplies, Saudi king: Iran-backed groups threaten global oil supplies, The who's who of Middle East leaders and their secret billions, A world tour of the politicians named in the Panama Papers, "King Salman's reign sees largest structural reforms in history of Saudi Arabia", "FaceOf: Ahmed bin Suleiman Al-Rajhi, new minister of labor and social development", "Saudi Arabia creates new departments in reshuffle", "Saudi Arabia seeks ecotourism boost by protecting environment, wildlife", "Ideological and Ownership Trends in the Saudi Media", "9 Challenges Facing The New Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia", "Al-Faiz new editor in chief of Arab News", "Before he was king, Salman was the family disciplinarian who put princes behind bars", "Terrorism financing. Lycées : à quoi ressemble le protocole sanitaire ? [100] Turki bin Salman became the chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group in February 2013, replacing his elder brother Faisal bin Salman. [101], Salman was the closest brother to Crown Prince Sultan, having remained at his side during his constant illness and recovery in New York and Morocco, from 2008 to 2011. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. He is the oldest surviving son of Ibn Saud. Organization. [14], According to the Washington Post, Saudi journalist the late Jamal Khashoggi "criticized Prince Salman, then governor of Riyadh and head of the Saudi committee for support to the Afghan mujahideen, for unwisely funding Salafist extremist groups that were undermining the war [in Afghanistan against the Soviets]."[15]. According to Farea Al-Muslim, direct war crimes have been committed during the conflict; for example, an IDP camp was hit by a Saudi airstrike. Almost all powers under the king were concentrated in the hands of the crown prince and deputy crown prince, both of whom held the portfolio determining all security and economic development issues in Saudi Arabia. Salman received the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Al-Turath Charity Foundation in the field of urban heritage in 2013. On 18 June 2012, Salman was appointed as Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia shortly after the death of his brother, Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. Lire la suite, été en guerre. Salman also "gave a bonus of two months' salary to all Saudi state employees and military personnel", including pensioners and students, while also asking citizens to "not forget me in your prayers". [4] In 2017, Salman pledged US$15,000,000 for Rohingya Muslim refugees in Bangladesh. © 2020 Encyclopædia Universalis France.Tous droits de propriété industrielle et intellectuelle réservés. One of the first things the King and his son, Mohammad bin Salman, did was to streamline the government bureaucracy. [78] In November 2002, in reference to charitable organizations accused of terrorism (e.g. [66] Salman said "what the Iranian regime is doing, from intervening in regional countries’ affairs and developing its nuclear program, threatening global maritime traffic and global oil supplies, is a blatant violation of the treaties and principles of the United Nations." [35] He first put together a coalition of ten Sunni Muslim countries. Page created - July 12, 2013. […] Lire la suite, ville du sud du pays.  : […] […] Lire la suite, Saisi en référé par les ONG Ligue des droits humains, Coordination nationale d’action pour la paix et la démocratie, et Vredesactie, le Conseil d’État ordonne la suspension de quatre licences d’exportation d’armes vers l’Arabie Saoudite délivrées par le ministre-président wallon Elio Di Rupo […] Lire la suite, , en envoyant des tueurs au Canada. As of 23 September 2015, the sentence awaited ratification by King Salman. Depuis le roi Fahd en 1986, il porte le titre de Gardien des deux saintes mosquées[1] (خادم الحرمين الشريفين) conjointement à la qualification de « majesté » (صاحب الجلالة). Le développement de l'industrie pé […] Le bacheche sono il luogo migliore in cui salvare immagini e video. He was the deputy governor of Riyadh and later the governor of Riyadh for 48 years from 1963 to 2011. [32], In February 2015, he received Prince Charles during his six-day tour in the Middle East. [40] At the same time, King Salman removed Muhammad bin Nayef from his other positions in the Saudi government. [88] His children from this marriage are Prince Fahd (1955-2001), Prince Sultan, Prince Ahmed (1958-2002), Prince Abdulaziz, Prince Faisal and Princess Hassa. This repository is populated with tens of thousands of assets and should be your first stop for asset selection. But if there are those who change some work of charity into evil activities, then it is not the Kingdom's responsibility, nor its people, which helps its Arab and Muslim brothers around the world. Coronavirus : l’exécutif anticipe sur les vaccins, 100% des trains ouverts à la réservation pour Noël. [18][19] Second, Salman belongs to the "middle generation" in the royal family; therefore, he could develop close ties with both generations socially and culturally. An agreement was concluded with the UNHCR to support the families affected by war for an amount of $5 million.

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